[54], Legislative power is vested in the Chamber of Deputies, a unicameral legislature of sixty members, who are directly elected to five-year terms from four constituencies. [15] As a representative democracy with a constitutional monarch, it is headed by Grand Duke Henri and is the world's only remaining sovereign grand duchy. 47 J’aime. Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. 26% of the population are immigrants. The regulator ILR – Institut Luxembourgeois de Régulation[90] ensures the compliance to these legal rules. Little Switzerland, in the east of Luxembourg, has craggy terrain and thick forests. It is bordered … Despite the lack of a central sporting focus, over 100,000 people in Luxembourg, out of a total population of near 500,000–600,000, are licensed members of one sports federation or another. In addition to the small town near Bock Fiels and the Roman road, another settlement was formed in the Alzette Valley (today the Grund quarter). [11], With an area of 2,586 square kilometres (998 sq mi), it is one of the smallest sovereign states in Europe. From the 15th to the 18th century, Spainball, Franceball, and Austriaball held the duchy in turn. [citation needed], In August 1914, Imperial Germany violated Luxembourg's neutrality in the war by invading it in the war against France. Tatsachen aus der Geschichte des Luxemburger Landes, Dr. P. J. Müller, Luxemburg 1963, Verlag "de Frendeskres", Imprimerie Bourg-Bourger. [79] Amazon.co.uk also benefits from Luxembourg tax loopholes by channeling substantial UK revenues as reported by The Guardian in April 2012. Elizabeth later sold the duchy to the Duke of Burgundy, Philip the Good of the House of Valois-Burgundy, who paid her off in 1444. Luxembourg's geography offers two principal regions: the Oesling, a part of the Ardennes massif, a hilly region with large mixed forests in the north, and the Gutland ("good country"), the … [92] In April 2013 Luxembourg featured the 6th highest download speed worldwide and the 2nd highest in Europe: 32,46 Mbit/s. It represented Luxembourg as the "Green Heart in Europe". [citation needed], Luxembourg was represented at the World Expo 2010 in Shanghai, China, from 1 May to 31 October 2010 with its own pavilion. [citation needed], Luxembourg was a founding participant of the Eurovision Song Contest, and participated every year between 1956 and 1993, with the exception of 1959. The mandate of the new Grand Duchy of Luxembourg dual tranche benchmark was announced on Monday 20th of April 2020 at 01:00pm CET. [141], The University of Luxembourg is the only university based in Luxembourg. Major Communes & Agglomerations. [24][25] In 1839, following the turmoil of the Belgian Revolution, the purely French-speaking part of Luxembourg was ceded to Belgium and the Luxembourgish-speaking part (except the Arelerland, the area around Arlon) became what is the present state of Luxembourg. administrative or judicial decisions, passports etc.) [97][98][99][100], Luxembourg is connected to all major European Internet Exchanges (AMS-IX Amsterdam,[101] DE-CIX Frankfurt,[102] LINX London),[103] datacenters and POPs through redundant optical networks. In 1921, Luxembourg and Belgium formed the Belgium–Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) to create a regime of inter-exchangeable currency and a common customs. For the city, see, • Independence in personal Union with the Netherlands (, Interactive map showing the border of Luxembourg. This date is considered to be the starting point for the creation of the independent state of Luxembourg. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg set to host the 2021 Concours Mondial de Bruxelles. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Grand Duchy Of Luxembourg de la plus haute qualité. 22 jan. 2021 | A46 Règlement grand-ducal du 22 janvier 2021 portant abrogation du règlement grand-ducal du 20 janvier 2021 portant dérogation temporaire aux dispositions des articles L. 234-51 et L. 234-53 du Code du travail. [133], Due to the large community of Portuguese origin, the Portuguese language is de facto fairly present in Luxembourg though it remains limited to the relationships inside this community; although Portuguese does not have any official status, the administration sometimes holds certain informative documents available in Portuguese. LuxemburgsSprachenmarkt in Wandel, Luxembourg, SESOPI, 2009, Les langues dans les offres d'emploi au Luxembourg (1984-2014), Université du Luxembourg, IPSE Identités, Politiques, Sociétés, Espaces, Working Paper, Juin 2015, "Field Listing – Distribution of family income – Gini index", Learn how and when to remove this template message, German occupation of Luxembourg during World War II, referendum on the EU treaty establishing a constitution for Europe, National Museum of Military History (MNHM), List of Luxembourgish Sportspeople of the Year, 2007 Women's European Volleyball Championship, Plan d'action national luxembourgeois en matière de TIC et de haut-débit, CEE- Europe's Digital Competitiveness Report –Volume 2: i2010 –ICT Country Profiles- page 40-41, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019", "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income - EU-SILC survey", "Europe :: Luxembourg — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", "Decision of the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States on the location of the seats of the institutions (12 December 1992)", Centre virtuel de la connaissance sur l'Europe, "What languages do people speak in Luxembourg? Circles est. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is preparing for a new lockdown as part of the fight against the coronavirus pandemic, its Prime Minister Xavier Bettel said on Tuesday. At the end of the 13th century, the counts of Luxembourg reigned over a considerable territory. The Luxembourgish army is mostly based in its casern, the Centre militaire Caserne Grand-Duc Jean on the Härebierg in Diekirch.The general staff is based in the capital, the État-Major. [citation needed], Luxembourg sells the most alcohol in Europe per capita. [citation needed], The number of cars per 1000 persons amount to 680.1 in Luxembourg — higher than all but two states, namely the Principality of Monaco and the British overseas territory of Gibraltar. Luxembourg - Weekly review Infection numbers in the Grand Duchy continue stabilising Author: Pierre Weimerkirch (RTL) - adapted for RTL Today | Update: 26.01.2021 08:21 | 0 Comment(s) The Legal Entity Identifier (LEI) is 549300SZSAEKTK56YV84. The territory of the former Duchy of Luxembourg is now divided between the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Belgian province of Luxembourg, the German Land of Rhineland-Palatinate and the French departments of Ardennes, Meuse and Moselle, the latter part being referred to as French Luxemburg [fr] since the 1659 Treaty of the Pyrenees. At the Congress of Vienna in 1815 some of the land of the former Duchy of Luxemburg was given to Prussia to satisfy a dynastic claim and the remainder was created as a new Grand Duchy of Luxemburg which also became a member of the German Confederation and given to King William I of the Netherlands in a personal union with the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. [43] Luxembourg is a member of the Benelux Economic Union and was one of the founding members of the European Economic Community (now the European Union). At a glance Geography History Political system National symbols Economy Everything you need to know about the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg Population Languages Education Culture Table of contents 2 4 6 10 12 14 18 20 24 26. … Its inhabitants pursued various professions, including fishing, baking and milling. [31] As of 2020, Luxembourg citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 187 countries and territories, ranking the Luxembourgish passport fifth in the world, tied with Denmark and Spain. [6] Before the occupation of the French, the territory was part of the Duchy of Luxemburg and the Duchy of Bouillon. The Dutch king became, in personal union, the grand duke. [126], Since the beginning of the Yugoslav wars, Luxembourg has seen many immigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Serbia. [23], The present-day state of Luxembourg first emerged at the Congress of Vienna in 1815. [152], Unlike most countries in Europe, sport in Luxembourg is not concentrated upon a particular national sport, but encompasses a number of sports, both team and individual. The Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg may be the perfect destination for a stay as a single traveller, with your partner, your family or with friends. In terms of the regional economy, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is seen as a flagship with growing importance for the wider area (Luxembourg [...] and the neighbouring regions … [124] The immigrant population increased in the 20th century due to the arrival of immigrants from Belgium, France, Italy, Germany, and Portugal, with the majority coming from the latter: in 2013 there were about 88,000 inhabitants with Portuguese nationality. By train, car or plane: numerous possibilities to get to Luxembourg. [citation needed], Luxembourg has modern and widely deployed optical fiber and cable networks throughout the country. In 2014, Luxembourg School of Business, a graduate business school, has been created through private initiative and has received the accreditation from the Ministry of Higher Education and Research of Luxembourg in 2017. This quest is frustrating a lot of people. [134], Since 1980 it has been illegal for the government to collect statistics on religious beliefs or practices. The country shares international borders with Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. The chief towns are Arlon Arlon, Du. Les gouvernements du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg depuis 1848 (2006), p. 208, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Fernand Fehlen, BaleineBis : une enquête sur un marché linguistique multilingue en profonde mutation. In 1443, the duchy passed to Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy of the French House of Valois, and, in 1477, by marriage to Archduke Maximilian I of Austria of the House of Habsburg. Share on Facebook ; Share on Twitter; Latest News. She’d be 20 now. [61], Luxembourg has participated in the Eurocorps, has contributed troops to the UNPROFOR and IFOR missions in former Yugoslavia, and has participated with a small contingent in the NATO SFOR mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina. [87], On 29 February 2020 Luxembourg became the first country to introduce no-charge public transportation which will be almost completely funded through tax revenue. Retrieved on 25 January 2013", "Household Download Index. Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. 23,422), capital of Luxembourg prov., SE Belgium, near the border with Luxembourg. Luxembourg city reintroduced trams in December 2017 and there are plans to open light-rail lines in adjacent areas within the next few years. Art. In 1060, Conrad, a descendant of Siegfried, took the title count of Luxembourg. Its culture, people, and languages are highly intertwined with its neighbours, making it a mixture of government.lu. Luxembourg is largely multilingual; while a 2009 survey revealed that French was the language spoken by most inhabitants (99%), Luxembourgish (82%), German (81%) and English (72%) were also spoken by large sections of the population.[130]. [81] In 2013, Luxembourg is ranked as the 2nd safest tax haven in the world, behind Switzerland. [148][unreliable source? Competition between the different operators is guaranteed by the legislative framework Paquet Telecom[89] of the Government of 2011 which transposes the European Telecom Directives into Luxembourgish law. 23,422), capital of Luxembourg prov., SE Belgium, near the border with Luxembourg. In a document from the year 1089, he is referred to as comes Henricus de Lutzeleburg, which also makes him the first documented count of Luxembourg. Voir les formats et éditions Masquer les autres formats et éditions. Luxembourg, Du. But where is Red Dead Redemption 2 Princess Isabeau? [26], Luxembourg is a founding member of the European Union,[27] OECD, United Nations, NATO, and Benelux. ", "Eurostat – Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table", "Country comparison :: POPULATION growth rate", "City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications", "European Union | Definition, Purpose, History, & Members", Timeline: Luxembourg – A chronology of key events, "Luxembourg | national capital, Luxembourg", "Asselborn's final Security Council meeting", "Global Ranking – Visa Restriction Index 2020", "Emperor Charles IV elected Greatest Czech of all time", "History of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg", "The invasion of Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg", "Democracy Index 2016 - The Economist Intelligence Unit", "The Luxembourgish government since 1848 (in French)", "Carte des communes – Luxembourg.lu – Cartes du Luxembourg", "The European institutions in Luxembourg", "A400M Loadmaster, Future Large Aircraft – FLA, Avion de Transport Futur – ATF", "2012 EPI :: Rankings – Environmental Performance Index", "WHAT IS THE GREENEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD? 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